Floor: Baseboard mouldings form a foundation in a room, continuing the wall to the floor. Quarterround is a baseboard shoe designed to cover the gap between the flooring material and the baseboard. Flooring will expand and contract slightly with changes in temperature and humidity levels. Other baseboard shoe profiles are readily available or can be created. Baseboard caps are decorative elements installed on top of the baseboard moulding and flush to the wall for an enhanced aesthetic. A Saddle is a piece of moulding that transitions the floor from one room to the floor in an adjoining room.
Window and Door: Casings will cover the spaces between the window unit or door and the wall structure. Designed to frame the opening, casings are thicker than baseboard mouldings and can be built up by combining several profiles for impact. Architrave is the moulding that tops the window or door — called a header or pediment — adding drama to the window or door opening. A Sill is installed at the bottom of the window where it meets the interior wall to cover the gap between the window frame and the drywall. A Jamb is part of the doorframe in which the hinges securer the door. The Door Stop is attached to the jamb to prevent the door from swinging through. Plinth Block moulding is the thicker vertical element at the intersection of the door casing and the baseboard. Plinth block may be decorative or simple, depending upon the casing and baseboard design.
Wall and Ceiling: Corner Guards protect the outside edges of a wall with an opening. Backsplash mouldings protect the wall above a cooktop or counter from splashes. Most frequently created from tile, or countertop materials, Back Splashes are available in wood profiles, also. Cove mounding is designed like its name and is used on an inside corner or as a transitional piece. Chair rails are attached to a wall at heights of 24-inches high to 72-inches high, parallel to the baseboard, and run the length of the wall. Originally designed to protect walls from being hit by chair backs, chair rails now are decorative. Chair rails also top wainscoting to form a transition. Wainscoting is decorative moulding attached to the wall under chair rails to define the space and form a dramatic effect. Originally it was created to protect the lower section of the wall that would receive the effects of family life. Designed as raised panel, shadow box or beaded, the style of wainscoting should complement the style of the home. Crown Moulding tops off the room, covering any gaps where the wall meets the ceiling. Crown moulding is curved or angled for edges to meet the ceiling and wall with an air space behind it. Many designs of crown moulding are available and several moulding profiles can be used to create an individualized look. The size of the crown should be in proportion to the height of the wall and size of the room. Crown moulding profiles can be used to create fireplace mantles, or even decorative elements covering a kitchen stove vent. Panel Mould comes in many profiles to create a panel effect or transition from paneling to a flat wall.
Decorative: Mouldings are used to create a visual impact in a room. Profiles abound to create Crown Mouldings, Wainscoting, etc. Rosettes are blocks containing a carved “rose” or flower and are incorporated into crowns, door casings, fireplace surrounds. Corbels or Brackets originally were structural to carry a heavy weight such as a cornice, but now are decorative and specific to architectural styles. Corbels will be seen in the kitchen under countertops fastening them to the cabinets, under the kitchen air vent surround attaching it to the wall, “holding up” a fireplace mantle or enhancing archways or as part of a door surround. Ceiling Medallions break up a large ceiling and often introduce a chandelier. Medallions can be simple or extremely decorative and are available in many sizes, shapes and styles.